Ankle Brachial Index (ABI)
Compares blood pressures of the arms and ankles. This test involves being hooked up to blood pressure cuffs to assess for claudication.
An ultrasound to evaluate for peripheral artery disease.
Ultrasound is used to record blood velocities through the main arteries in the leg. Velocities can indicate the presence of arterial stenosis.
Cardiac Calcium Scoring
A cardiac calcium score is a screening tool that measures how much calcified plaque is present in an individual's arteries. There is a direct correlation between the amount of calcium in these arteries and the likelihood of a full cardiac event, such as heart attack or a stroke.
Carotid Ultrasound Imaging
An ultrasound of the body's two carotid arteries located on each side of the neck that carry blood from the heart to the brain, provides detailed pictures of those blood vessels and information about the blood flowing through them.
Carotid Duplex Scan
This ultrasound test evaluates the blood vessels in the neck that are leading to the brain.
Coronary CT Angiography
This test will show whether or not there is plaque in the arteries, and whether that plaque is soft (more likely to rupture) or hardened.
Echocardiography (2D & 4D)
An ultrasound that sends sound waves into the chest to rebound on the heart's wall and valves. This test shows the size of the heart chambers and how well they are working. The recorded images will show the shape, texture and movement of the valves.
EECP/Enhanced External Counterpulsation
EECP increases oxygen-rich blood flow to the heart. It is performed over a series of several weeks. Pressure cuffs on the legs are inflated in sequences. As a result, the blood vessels in the legs are gently compressed and the blood is forced back into the heart. The benefits are:
- Lower pressure the heart must pump against.
- Increases the rate of return of the blood to the heart.
- Increases blood pressure while the heart is resting.
While hooked to electrodes, a recording is taken of your resting heart rhythm to help your doctor diagnose arrhythmia's.
Event Monitor (King of Hearts)
Your heart rhythm is monitored using a recording device during normal activities over the course of two weeks or more in order to detect abnormal heart rhythms.
Holter Monitor (24/48)
Your heart rhythm is monitored using a recording device during normal activities over the course of one to two days in order to detect abnormal heart rhythms.
Myocardial Perfusion Study (MPS, Adenosine, Dobutamine, Muga)
This test allows the doctor to visualize the blood flow patterns of your heart. You exercise, usually on a treadmill. You are given an injection of a low-level radioisotope. You will then have a special nuclear camera take pictures of your heart both at rest and following the treadmill portion. This test can be done without the use of a treadmill, Adenosine, using a pharmacologic solution.
Pacemaker & ICD (Implantable Cardiac Defibrillator) Interrogations
The pacemaker or defibrillator is checked to ensure the proper settings are maintained.
The electrocardiogram is observed while you exercise by walking on a treadmill.
Sound waves are used to examine the movement of your heart. Measurements are taken while you are at rest, and then again after you have exercised by walking on a treadmill.
Tilt Table Test
The tilt table test is designed to induce (bring on) syncope under controlled conditions. It is especially useful for diagnosing vasovagal syncope (fainting).
Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE)
A type of ultrasound that captures images when a special transducer is passes through the esophagus. A TEE can give a very clear picture of the heart and its structures.
A special ultrasound technique that evaluates blood velocity as it flows through the veins to the heart.